”The Guru is Brahma, the Guru is Vishnu, the Guru Deva is Maheswara (Shiva),
The Guru is Verily the Para-Brahman (Supreme Brahman); Prostration to that Guru.”
”Guru is verily the representative of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva. He creates, sustains knowledge and destroys the weeds of ignorance. I salute such a Guru.”
Guru Brahma Guru Vishnu Guru Devo Maheshwara lyrics:
„Guru Brahma, Guru Vishnu, Guru devo Guru sakshat, param Brahma, tasmai shri guravay namah.”
Guru is a Sanskrit term that represents someone who is a “guide, teacher, expert, or master” of particular field or knowledge. ”Gu” refers to darkness assuming the form of ignorance and ”ru” to the radiance in the form of spiritual knowledge, that dispels this darkness. Hence, the Guru is the one who dispels the darkness of ignorance. Another meaning of this Sanskrit word is “deep” or “heavy,” meaning that the guru is a person “deep” or “heavy” in knowledge.
Brahma is the creator of the universe and of all living beings, as described in the Hindu cosmology. He is commonly depicted in red with 4 heads, a symbol of his creation of the four Vedas. His consort is Goddess Saraswati, goddess of music, knowledge, wisdom, arts, and learning. Presently, Lord Brahma is the least venerated of the three gods from the Hindu Trinity because many consider his role as over.
Vishnu is the preserver and upholder of dharma and part of the Hindu Triumvirate. When necessary, Lord Vishnu appears on Earth in many different avatars or incarnations to fight fierce creatures and demons (asuras). Vishnu is especially associated with light and with the Sun. He is commonly depicted with two earrings that symbolize the inherent opposites in the entire universe — unhappiness and happiness; ignorance and knowledge; pain and pleasure.
Guru Devo Maheshwara – is another name of Lord Shiva, the oldest Hindu God who was mentioned as early as the Vedic period by the name of ”Rudra.” Lord Shiva is both old and young, destroyer and creator. He is both fierce and gentle; He is the greatest of renouncers as well as the ideal lover.
His powers of recreation and destruction are used to destroy the imperfections and illusions of this world and change it for the better. Thus, Lord Shiva is seen as the source of both evil and good and is acknowledged as the one who combines various contradictory elements.
In addition, He is known to have untamed passion, that leads him to extremes in behavior. Occasionally, Shiva is a hedonist. At others, He is an ascetic, abstaining from all worldly pleasures. Nevertheless, it is Lord Shiva’s relationship with his wife, Goddess Parvati, (mother of the Hindu gods Murugan and Ganesh) that brings Him balance.
Lord Shiva is usually portrayed as having a temper but is mostly view in a meditative state. According to Hindu legend, Shiva has a blue neck since He swallowed a poison to save the creation.
In this Sanskrit mantra, the practitioner appeals to the Hindu Trinity – Lord Brahma (The God of Creation), Lord Vishnu (The Preserver), and Lord Shiva (The Destroyer). It acknowledges the lessons learned through life experiences and honors both the spiritual and human guru, including the guru within.
The Hindu Trimurti (also referred to as the Hindu Triumvirate) is the trinity of supreme divinity in Hindu tradition. The Hindu triumvirate consists of 3 Hindu gods who are responsible for the upkeep, creation, and destruction of the universe.
The Hindu Triumvirate comes from the Hindu belief that every aspect of the creation (except for Brahman) is first created, preserved for a while, and finally destroyed in order to be renewed into another form.
Each God in the Hindu Trinity has His consort. For Lord Vishnu, is Goddess Lakshmi, the Hindu Goddess of beauty, love, fortune, fertility, and material fulfillment. For Lord Brahma, is Goddess Saraswati, the Hindu Goddess of learning, knowledge, and arts. For Supreme Lord Shiva, is Goddess Kali (also known as Parvati), the Hindu Goddess of destruction, power, spiritual fulfillment, and transformation.
Interestingly, the Hindu Triumvirate concept is a tenet most strongly held in Hindu denomination of Smartism. However, it is rejected by other faiths, including – Vaishnavism and Saivism.
The spiritual teaching of the Hindu Triumvirate as three manifestations of the Supreme Consciousness is similar to the Christian teaching called Sabellianism. In this Christian teaching, the Members of the Hindu Triumvirate are not individuals but 3 different representations that God chooses to present Himself as.
Lastly, according to a few Hindu scholars, this doctrine is, actually, an attempt to reconcile different approaches to the philosophical doctrine of ultimate reality.